A neurologist is a doctor who specializes in the diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of diseases of the central, peripheral and autonomous nervous system.
The nervous system is made up of two primary parts: the Central Nervous System (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system. The CNS is composed of the brain and spinal cord, responsible for integrating and coordinating the activities of the entire body. Through their structures not only physical movements are coordinated, but it is thanks to them that we are able to process thoughts and experience emotions and sensations. The CNS, through the peripheral and autonomous nervous systems, directs all internal organic systems linked to essential functions of the body like breathing, circulation, digestion, reproduction and excretion.
The peripheral nervous system consists of an extensive network of neurons and nerve fibers that extend from the central nervous system to all parts of the body. Its primary function is to connect all the organs, limbs and skin to the CNS. This makes it possible for us to respond to the different environmental stimuli.
A neurologist manages the affected neurological conditions of the nervous system such as:
- Coordination problems
- Changes in the perception of sensations
- Muscular weakness
- Mental confusion
- Problems with the sense organs (smell, sight, touch, hearing, taste)
Neurologists also care for patients with:
- Multiple sclerosis
- Neuromuscular disorders
- Nervous system infections